In some religious traditions or movements Heavenly Mother (also referred to as Mother in Heaven) is the wife and feminine counterpart of God the Father. Teachings about the Heavenly Mother are promulgated by various religious groups, to one degree or another.
whom his mother comforts, so shall I comfort you.
— Isa 66:13
the Father and the Mother of this Universe.
— Bhagavad Gita 9.17
In a remarkable saying in the Thomas Gospel, the Savior asserts: ‘My mother bore me, yet my True Mother gave me the life.’ (Th 101; cf. Th 15 46) This passage— the only recorded occasion in which Christ seems to refer to God as his Mother— is subsequently elucidated by an equally surprising entry in the Philip Gospel: ‘Some say that Mariam was impregnated by the Sacred Spirit. They are confused, they know not what they say. Whenever was a female impregnated by a female?’ (Ph 18) For in this latter logion, attention is being drawn to the fact that ‘spirit’ is of feminine gender in the Semitic languages (Heb, [rúakh]: breath, wind, spirit). This fundamental point, traditionally obscured in scriptural translation and largely ignored by commentators, clearly has the most far-reaching theological implications.
WV ei tina
outwV kai egw parakaleswumaV.
Like if of-someone mother helpmates, thus also I helpmate you.
Kagw erwthsw ton patera, kai allon
paraklhton dwsei umin.
And-I shall-request of-the Father, and another Helpmate he-will-give you.
This allusion strongly conveys a maternal concept of the Paraclete.
Now of course PNEUMA in Greek is neuter and PARAKLHTOS masculine, while SPIRITUS and ADVOCATUS in Latin are both masculine in gender. Hence starting from the earliest versions of both the Old and New Testaments in non-Semitic tongues, the very idea was lost which Thomas is conveying and Philip emphasizing in the foregoing quotations. Thus from having the neuter form TO PNEUMA instead of a feminine form H PNEUMH in Greek, we pass to e.g. ‘el Espíritu’ instead of ‘la Espíritu’ in Spanish, ‘der Geist’ instead of ‘die Geist’ in German, and in English ‘he/him’ in place of ‘she/her’ referring to the Helpmate (Hebrew: participle, and thus without gender) in Jn 16:7 ff
We need hardly remind ourselves of the confusions, schisms and even religious machismo to which this gender-shift has given rise across the centuries, as theologians struggled to make sense of a presumably all-male Trinity. Thus, as is well known, the Orthodox/Catholic rupture of 1054 AD resulted from the vexed ‘filioque’ controversy, over the procession of the third member of the Trinity.4 With the Sacred Spirit as a maternal figure, however, the underlying idea is clarified: Father God and Mother Spirit and Incarnate Son as the basic mystery of three-in-one, the threefold Godhead. Here the concept is evidently that of a transcendental holy family, in which the Divine Child— and indeed each child5 (Mt 18:10, Jn 11:52)— is eternally born, not of the physical union between human parents, but rather of the mystical union between the paternal and maternal aspects of the Divinity:
Thus, as to the filioque controversy, it is precisely a third possibility— and neither the Oriental nor the Occidental doctrine— that resolves the issue: the Sacred Spirit does not proceed from the Father either with or without the Son, but rather the Son proceeds (is born) from the Father joined with the Sacred Spirit. This logically coherent form of the Trinitarian concept has for centuries been effectively obscured by a simple grammatical shift.
One might therefore say that in the flesh Yeshua was once born of the Virgin Mariam, whereas in the Spirit he is eternally born of the Virgin Spirit; so that Mariam can be understood as the Incarnation of the maternal Sacred Spirit, just as Yeshua is the Incarnation of God the Father (Jn 19:26-27!).
Herewith are the other passages in Thomas, Philip and Valentine which directly concern this topic: ‘Yeshua sees little children who are being suckled. He says to his Disciples: These little children who are being suckled are like those who enter the Sovereignty.’ (Th 22) ‘In the days when we were Hebrews we were orphans, having only our Mother. Yet when we become Messianics the Father unites with the Mother.’ (Ph 6) ‘She alone is the truth. She makes the multitude, and concerning us she teaches this alone in a love thru many.’ (Ph 12) ‘His (true) Mother and Sister and Mate is (called) “Mariam”.’ (Ph 36) ‘A Disciple one day made request of the Lord for something worldly; he says to him: Request of thy Mother and she will give to thee from what belongs to another.’ (Ph 38) ‘Wisdom is barren without Sons— hence she is called the Mother,... the Sacred Spirit, who multiplies her Sons.’ (Ph 40) ‘The wisdom which humans call barren is the Mother of the Angels.’ (Ph 59) ‘Adam came into being from two virgins— from the Spirit and from the virgin earth.’ (Ph 90) ‘The Mother is the truth, yet the conjoining is the recognition.’ (Ph 116) ‘He supports them all, he atones them and moreover he assumes the face-form of every one, purifying them, bringing them back— within the Father, within the Mother, Yeshua of infinite kindness. The Father uncovers his bosom, which is the Sacred Spirit, revealing his secret. His secret is his Son!’ (Tr 17)
In numerous entries in the latter part of Philip, reference is then made to the NUMFWN or Bridal-Chamber wherein the Son is born of the mystical union of the Father with the Spirit— thus for example: ‘If it is appropriate to tell a mystery, the Father of the totality mated with the Virgin who had come down— and a fire shone for him on that day. He revealed the power of the Bridal-Chamber. Thus his body came into being on that day. He came forth from the Bridal-Chamber as one who has issued from the Bridegroom with the Bride. This is how Yeshua established the totality in his heart. And thru these, it is appropriate for each one of the Disciples to enter into his repose.’ (Ph 89) This primal mystery is then celebrated in the sacrament of the Holy Bridal-Chamber (Th 75, Ph 73 79).